History[ edit ] The Lao script was slowly standardized in the Mekong River valley after the various Tai principalities of the region were merged under Lan Xang in the 14th century. This script, sometimes known as Tai Noi, has changed little since its inception and continued use in the Lao-speaking regions of modern-day Laos and Isan. Conversely, the Thai alphabet continued to evolve, but the scripts still share similarities. Traditionally, only secular literature was written with the Lao alphabet.
It is closely related to Thai and speakers of Lao are able to understand spoken Thai without too many difficulties. Thai speakers find it more difficult to understand Lao due to lack of exposure to the language.
The scholars probably modelled the alphabet on the the Old Khmer script, which was itself based on Mon scripts. Notable features Type of writing system: Vowels are indicated with diacritics which can appear above, below or around the consonant letters.
When they occur on their own or at the beginning of a word, vowels are attached to the glottal stop symbol the final letter in the third row of consonants. Lao is a tonal language with 6 tones.
The tone of a syllable is determined by a combination of the class of consonant, the type of syllable open or closedthe tone marker and the length of the vowel see below. For some consonants there are multiple letters. Originally they represented separate sounds, but over the years the distinction between those sounds was lost and the letters were used instead to indicate tones.
Various offical reforms of the Lao script have reduced the number of duplicate consonants. There are no spaces between words, instead spaces in a Lao text indicate the end of a clause or sentence. Written Lao is based on the dialect of the Lao capital, Vientiene.
There is no official Latin transliteration system for Lao. In Laos, French-based systems are used and there is considerable variation in spelling, particularly of vowels.
The Lao script is also used to write: Consonants Consonants are divided into three classes which help to determine the tone of a syllable indicated by the numbers below. The sounds represented by some consonants change when they are used at the end of a syllable indicated by the letters on the right of the slash below.
The consonants can all be used at the beginning of a syllable but only some can be used at the end of a syllable. The consonants in the final row are compounds and conjuncts used as alternatives to the basic consonants. Vowel diacritics with k.Syllabic alphabets.
Syllabic alphabets, alphasyllabaries or abugidas consist of symbols for consonants and vowels. The consonants each have an inherent vowel which can be changed to another vowel or muted by means of diacritics or other modifications. Lao is a Tai-Kaidai language spoken mainly in Laos by about 15 million people.
Lao. Lao is a Tai-Kadai language spoken by approximately 15 million people in Laos and Thailand. It is closely related to Thai and speakers of Lao are able to understand spoken Thai without too many difficulties.
Thai speakers find it more difficult to understand Lao due to lack of exposure to the language. Lao script or Akson Lao (Lao: ອັກສອນລາວ [ʔáksɔ̌ːn láːw]) is the primary script used to write the Lao language and other minority languages in.
This is a list of writing systems (or scripts), classified according to some common distinguishing alphabetnyc.com are at least 3, languages that make use of an established writing system.
The usual name of the script is given first; the name of the language(s) in which the script is written follows (in brackets), particularly in the case .
Thai language (Thailand) and Lao language (Laos, Lao PDR)information and books by James Higbie and Snea Thinsan.