In this present day of we see many different cultures coming together to call Australia home.
Culture is one of the most important and basic concepts of sociology. In sociology culture has a specific meaning.
The anthropologists believe that the behaviour which is meant is called culture. In other words the behavior which is transmitted to us by some one is called culture. The way of living, eating, wearing, singing, dancing and talking are all parts of a culture.
In common parlance, the word culture, is understood to mean beautiful, refined or interesting. In sociology we use the word culture to denote acquired behavior which are shared by and transmitted among the members of the society.
In other words, culture is a system of learned behaviour shared by and transmitted among the members of a group. Definitions of culture Culture has been defined in various ways by sociologists and anthropologists. Following are the important definitions of culture.
Malinowski defines "Culture the handwork of man and conventional understanding manifest in art and artifact which persisting through which he achieves his ends". Characteristics of Culture For a clear understanding of the concept of culture it is necessary for us to know its main characteristics.
Culture has several characteristics. Following are the main characteristics of culture.
Culture is Learnt Culture is not inherited biologically, but learnt socially by man. It is not an inborn tendency. There is no culture instinct as such culture is often called learned ways of behaviour.
Unlearned behaviour such as closing the eyes while sleeping, the eye blinking reflex and so on are purely physiological and culture sharing hands or saying namaskar or thanks and shaving and dressing on the other hand are culture. Similarly wearing clothes, combing the hair, wearing ornaments, cooking the food, drinking from a glass, eating from a plate or leaf, reading a newspaper, driving a car, enacting a role in drama, singing, worship etc.
Cultural is social Culture does not exist in isolation. Neither it is an individual phenomenon. It is a product of society.
It originates and develops through social interaction. It is shared by the members of society. No man can acquire culture without association with other human beings.
Man becomes man only among men. It is the culture which helps man to develop human qualities in a human environment. Deprivation is nothing but deprivation of human qualities.
Culture is shared Culture in the sociological sense, is something shared. It is not something that an individual alone can possess. For example customs, tradition, beliefs, ideas, values, morals, etc.
Culture is something adopted, used, believed practised or possessed by more than one person. It depends upon group life for its existence. Culture is transmissive Culture is capable of being transmitted from one generation to the next. Parents pass on culture traits to their children and they in turn to their children and so on.
Culture is transmitted not through genes but by means of language. Language is the main vehicle of culture. Language in its different forms like reading, writing and speaking makes it possible for the present generation to understand the achievements of earlier generations.
But language itself is a part of culture. Once language is acquired it unfolds to the individual in wide field. Transmission of culture may take place by intuition as well as by interaction. Culture is continuous and cumulative Culture exists, as a continuous process.The culture of Australia is not only diverse in race, but also in religion.
Christianity, Buddhism, Judaism, Hinduism and Islam are all quite prevalent, while approximately one fourth of the population states no religious preference at all. The Australian treatment of the aborigines was cultural genocide, and there is no way to make amends for their actions.
Cultural Genocide (or in this case ethnocide) is a term used to describe the deliberate destruction of the cultural heritage of a people. Aborigines in Australia Essay example.
Aborigines in Australia Aborigines are believed to have lived in Australia for between 60, and 40, years, their early ancestors coming from South-East Asia. The egalitarian culture of the west versus the hierarchy in eastern cultures creates a chasm where social power is concerned.
Again, this has much to do with saving face. In a western company, to assert oneself as a new employee shows ambition, which is considered a good character trait by western standards. Cope, Bill, Racism, popular culture and Australian identity in transition: a case study of change in school textbooks since , Centre for Multicultural Studies, University of Wollongong, Occasional Paper 14, , Guardian Australia goes backstage to unmask the alter egos of the pro wrestlers fighting for fun behind the scenes of Australian wrestling – a picture essay “Using your culture and.