Graphic way of organizing concepts proposed during brainstorming.
Differentiate among the basic approaches to learning for each of the five psychological learning theories. Give an example of applying each psychological theory to changing the attitudes and behaviors of learners in a specific situation. Outline alternative strategies for learning in a given situation using at least two different psychological learning theories.
Identify the differences and similarities in the psychological learning theories specific to a the basic procedures of learning, b the assumptions made about the learning, c the task of the educator, d the sources of motivation, and e the way in which the transfer of learning is facilitated.
Discuss how neuroscience research has contributed to a better understanding of learning and learning theories. Explain how different types of practice and feedback variables in motor learning can be applied to patient teaching.
It is the lifelong, dynamic process by which individuals acquire new knowledge or skills and alter their thoughts, feelings, attitudes, and actions.
Learning enables individuals to adapt to demands and changing circumstances and is crucial in health care—whether for patients and families grappling with ways to improve their health and adjust to their medical conditions, for students acquiring the information and skills necessary to become a nurse, or for staff nurses devising more effective approaches to educating and treating patients and one another in partnership.
Until the late 19th century, most of the discussions and debates about learning were grounded in philosophy, school administration, and conventional wisdom Hilgard, Around the dawn of the 20th century, the new field of educational psychology emerged and became a defining force for the scientific study of learning, teaching, and assessment Woolfolk, As a science, educational psychology rests on the systematic gathering of evidence or data to test theories and hypotheses about learning.
A learning theory is a coherent framework of integrated constructs and principles that describe, explain, or predict how people learn. Psychological learning theories and motor learning are discussed in this chapter, each of which has direct applicability to nursing practice.
By the middle of the 20th century, motor learning was established as a specialized area of study, and it has been influenced by behavioral theory, cybernetics, and information processing VanSant, Psychological learning theories are useful in acquiring information and in situations involving human thought, emotions, and social interaction.
Motor learning is of particular interest to nurses as they try to help their patients and students learn or relearn skills.
The construction and testing of learning theories over the past century contributed much to the understanding of how individuals acquire knowledge and change their ways of thinking, feeling, and behaving.
Reflecting an evidence-based approach to learning, the accumulated body of research information can be used to guide the educational process and has challenged a number of popular notions and myths about learning e.
In addition, the major learning theories have wide applicability and form the foundation of not only the field of education, but also psychological counseling, workplace organization and human resources management, and marketing and advertising.
Whether used singly or in combination, learning theories have much to offer the practice of health care. Given the current structure of health care in the United States, nurses, in particular, are often responsible for designing and implementing plans and procedures for improving health education and encouraging wellness.
Nurses can apply learning theories at the individual, group, and community levels not only to comprehend and teach new material and tasks, but also to solve problems, change unhealthy habits, build constructive relationships, manage emotions, and develop effective behavior.
This chapter reviews the principal psychological and motor learning theories that are useful to health education and clinical practice. Behaviorist, cognitive, and social learning theories are most often applied to patient education as an aspect of professional nursing practice.History and explanation of personlity testing and analysis, from the Four Temperaments to Katherine Benziger.
What is the role of dopamine in reward: hedonic impact, reward learning, or incentive salience? Magnetic water softening and scale control. There is a long history of the promotion of magnets to alleviate the "hardness" of mineral-containing waters, and particularly to control the deposition of scale in teapots, plumbing systems, evaporators, and boilers.
Applying Learning Theories to Healthcare Practice Margaret M.
To arrive at the edge of the world's knowledge, seek out the most complex and sophisticated minds, put them in a room together, and have them ask each other the questions they are asking themselves. Links to learning theory sites. Animal Trainer's Introduction to Operant & Classical Conditioning - Stacy Braslau-Schneck This page attempts to explain Operant Conditioning, and promote the use of Positive Reinforcement and Negative Punishment in animal training.; Behaviorism: Skinner and Dennett - Philosophy of Mind Curtis . Learning theories are conceptual frameworks that describe how students absorb, process, and retain knowledge during learning. Cognitive, emotional, and environmental influences, as well as prior experience, all play a part in how understanding, or a world view, is acquired or changed and knowledge and skills retained.
Braungart Richard G. Braungart Pamela R. Gramet CHAPTER HIGHLIGHTS Psychological Learning Theories Behaviorist Learning Theory Cognitive Learning Theory Social Learning Theory Psychodynamic Learning Theory Humanistic Learning Theory Neuropsychology and Learning Comparison of Learning Theories Motor Learning Stages of Motor Learning.
Classical Conditioning And Operant Conditioning - In psychology, there are countless approaches to how a subject could learn something; in this paper, however, we are going to talk about the classical conditioning, operant condition and also the application of it in the reality.
Building Behavior: Shape the Future. Laura VanArendonk Baugh. Related Learning Lab: • Building Behavior: Shape the Future - In Action Some of the most common questions about clicker training relate to getting a new desirable behavior to mark and reinforce.
Luring, modeling, capturing, and prompting can take us only so far, and shaping .